PICHICHI

Pichichi: the top goalscorer

Here is some background to the title that sometimes takes as many news headlines as the league itself. One of the most prized individual trophies for a striker.

Pichichi: the top goalscorer

Background

First, let's have a little look at the trophy itself. Known as the Pichichi, it is handed out to the top scorer in league matches at the end of each season and has been running for over 60 years. It is named after a Basque player, Rafael Moreno Aranzadi, who played for Athletic Club de Bilbao from 1911 to 1921 and knew more than most of his era how to find the back of the net. It should be noted that the national league that exists today, LaLiga, began after he retired (1929) so his goal scoring feats were seen in the Copa del Rey and in the Northern and Viscayan league, as well as in international games for Spain. But this doesn't detract from his achievements.

He played 89 games in the Copa scoring 77 goals and these helped get his team to six finals, four of which they won. The famous San Mames stadium (built in 2013 and the oldest in Spain prior to its destruction and rebuilding in the last few years) saw its first goal from "Pichichi".

In total the tiny forward - at 153cm/5 feet and 58kg/8 stone he would have been noticeably smaller than Messi today and remember that he played long before the tackle from behind rule and other measures to protect skillful players were introduced - scored 200 goals in 170 matches but his career and life came to a sudden end before he reached the age of 30. He retired from football at 27 after much criticism in his last couple of years at Bilbao. A year later he was diagnosed with the bacterial infection typhus and died soon after. A statue was erected in his honour at the stadium and three decades later the trophy was born.

"But that still doesn't tell us where "Pichichi" came from," I hear you cry. Well, it's quite simple. When Rafael used to play on the streets of his hometown his friends would call him that. The word means "little duck".

Previous winners:

2016-2017 Lionel Messi - Barcelona 37
2015-2016 Luis Suárez - Barcelona 40
2014-2015 Cristiano Ronaldo – Real Madrid 48
2013-2014 Cristiano Ronaldo – Real Madrid 31
2012-2013 Lionel Messi – Barcelona 46
2011-2012 Lionel Messi – Barcelona 50
2010-2011 Cristiano Ronaldo – Real Madrid 41
2009–10 Lionel Messi – Barcelona 34
2008–09 Diego Forlán – Atletico Madrid 32
2007–08 Dani Güiza – Mallorca 27
2006–07 Ruud van Nistelrooy – Real Madrid 25
2005–06 Samuel Eto’o – Barcelona 26
2004–05 Diego Forlán – Villarreal 25
2003–04 Ronaldo – Real Madrid 24
2002–03 Roy Makaay – Deportivo La Coruna 29
2001–02 Diego Tristán – Deportivo La Coruna 21
2000–01 Raúl – Real Madrid 24
1999–00 Salva Ballesta – Racing de Santander 27
1998–99 Raúl – Real Madrid 25
1997-98 Christian Vieri – Atletico Madrid 24
1996-97 Ronaldo – Barcelona 34
1995-96 Juan Antonio Pizzi – Tenerife 31
1994-95 Iván Zamorano – Real Madrid 28
1993-94 Romário – Barcelona 30
1992-93 Bebeto – Deportivo La Coruna 29
1991-92 Manolo – Atlético Madrid 27
1990-91 Emilio Butragueño – Real Madrid 19
1989-90 Hugo Sánchez – Real Madrid 38
1988-89 Baltazar – Atlético Madrid 35
1987-88 Hugo Sánchez – Real Madrid 29
1986-87 Hugo Sánchez – Real Madrid 34
1985-86 Hugo Sánchez – Real Madrid 22
1984-85 Hugo Sánchez – Atletico Madrid 19
1983-84 Jorge da Silva – Real Valladolid 17, Juanito – Real Madrid 17
1982-83 Poli Rincón – Real Betis 20
1981-82 Quini – Barcelona 26
1980-81 Quini – Barcelona 20
1979-80 Quini – Sporting Gijon 24
1978-79 Hans Krankl – Barcelona 29
1977-78 Mario Kempes – Valencia 28
1976-77 Mario Kempes – Valencia 24
1975-76 Quini – Sporting Gijon 18
1974-75 Carlos – Athletic Bilbao 19
1973-74 Quini – Real Gijón 20
1972-73 Marianín – Real Oviedo 19
1971-72 Enrique Porta – Granada 20
1970-71 José Eulogio Gárate – Atletico Madrid 17, Carles Rexach – Barcelona 17
1969-70 Amancio – Real Madrid 16, Luis Aragonés – Atlético Madrid 16, José Eulogio Gárate – Atletico Madrid 16
1968-69 Amancio – Real Madrid 14, José Eulogio Gárate – Atletico Madrid 14
1967-68 Fidel Uriarte – Atlético Bilbao 22
1966-67 Waldo – Valencia 24
1965-66 Vavá – Elche 19
1964-65 Cayetano Ré – Barcelona 25
1963-64 Ferenc Puskás – Real Madrid 20
1962-63 Ferenc Puskás – Real Madrid 26
1961-62 Juan Seminario – Real Zaragoza 25
1960-61 Ferenc Puskás – Real Madrid 27
1959-60 Ferenc Puskás – Real Madrid 26
1958-59 Alfredo di Stéfano – Real Madrid 23
1957-58 Manuel Badenes – Real Valladolid 19 , Alfredo di Stéfano – Real Madrid 19, Ricardo – Valencia 19
1956-57 Alfredo di Stéfano – Real Madrid 31
1955-56 Alfredo di Stéfano – Real Madrid 24
1954-55 Juan Arza – Sevilla 28
1953-54 Alfredo di Stéfano – Real Madrid 27
1952-53 Telmo Zarra – Athletic Bilbao 24
1951-52 Pahiño – Real Madrid 28
1950-51 Telmo Zarra – Atlético Bilbao 38
1949-50 Telmo Zarra – Athletic Bilbao 25
1948-49 César – Barcelona 28
1947-48 Pahiño – Celta de Vigo 23
1946-47 Telmo Zarra – Athletic Bilbao 34
1945-46 Telmo Zarra – Athletic Bilbao 24
1944-45 Telmo Zarra – Athletic Bilbao 19
1943-44 Mundo – Valencia 27
1942-43 Mariano Martín – Barcelona 32
1941-42 Mundo – Valencia 27
1940-41 Pruden – Atlético Aviación 30
1939-40 Víctor Unamuno – Athletic Bilbao 26
1935-36 Isidro Lángara – Oviedo CF 27
1934–35 Isidro Lángara – Oviedo CF 26
1933–34 Isidro Lángara – Oviedo CF 27
1932–33 Manuel Olivares – Madrid CF 16
1931–32 Guillermo Gorostiza – Athletic Bilbao 12
1930–31 Bata – Athletic Bilbao 27
1929–30 Guillermo Gorostiza – Athletic Bilbao 19
1928–29 Paco Bienzobas – Real Sociedad 14