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CIES analysis

No Messi or Cristiano in most valuable world XI - CIES

Cristiano Ronaldo (Juventus) y Leo Messi (Barcelona), en los premios The Best.

Eddie Keogh

Reuters

The algorithms behind analysis of player values can often raise debates and the latest top 100 from CIES certainly does.

The CIES Football Observatory has published a list of the hundred players with the highest market value across the five major leagues (see the table below). Among the variables considered in the new and improved algorith, are factors such as age, contract restrictions, playing position, minutes played, goals scored, national team activity and team results.

Most valuable XI

The top three players in the list are PSG's Kylian Mbappé, Liverpool's Mohamed Salah, and Manchester City's Raheem Sterling, all of whom feature in our most valuable starting XI based on a 4-3-3 formation. That does, however, mean that the likes of Barcelona star Lionel Messi and Juventus' Cristiano Ronaldo sit out. The total estimated market value of this side is a mere 1,614,300,000 euros.

Goalkeeper

Champions League winner Alisson Becker would take his place between the sticks. The Liverpool man has been a key figure for Jürgen Klopp, and was identified as a necessary investment last summer. His value is seen to be €107.5m (24th overall), with Barcelona's German goalkeeper Marc-André ter Stegen next at €95.2m (30th).

Good with his feet and hands | Brazil and Liverpool's Allison.

Good with his feet and hands | Brazil and Liverpool's Allison.

Defenders

In defence, Liverpool dominate. At right-back is Trent Alexander-Arnold, who would cost €130.2m (13th), and his Scottish teammate Andrew Robertson (€88.3m) fills in on the other flank. In the centre they are joined by The Reds' Dutch rock Virgil Van Dijk currently valued at €112.1m (22th) and Manchester City's Aymeric Laporte (€105.4m, 25th).

Midfielders

The three in midfield are formed by City and Portugal star Bernardo Silva (€136.9m, 11th), Barcelona's Brazilian, Phillipe Coutinho (€129.4m, 14th), and Paul Pogba. The Manchester United and France midfielder is valued at €125.1m and is in 16th place overall.

More silverware | Portugal's Bernardo Silva celebrates winning the UEFA Nations League.

More silverware | Portugal's Bernardo Silva celebrates winning the UEFA Nations League.

Forwards

The attacking trident is where you would really be spending the huge bucks. As previously mentioned Kylian Mbappé tops the list at €252m, with Mohamed Salah (€219.6m) and Raheem Sterling (€207.8m) coming second and third respectively.

For all the debate that could be caused about the best starting XI, it would certainly be fun watching this one play together.

100 most valuable players in the transfer market (million euros)

Place Player Value Team Place Player Value Team
1 Mbappé 252.0 PSG 51 Wijnaldum 75.8 Liverpool
2 Salah 219.6 Liverpool 52 Lewandowski 75.5 Bayern Munich
3 Sterling 207.8 M. City 53 Insigne 75.1 Nápoles
4 Messi 167.4 Barcelona 54 Lacazette 74.9 Arsenal
5 Sancho 159.4 B. Dortmund 55 Correa 74.8 At. Madrid
6 Mané 157.8 Liverpool 56 Walker 74.2 Tottenham
7 Kane 155.2 Tottenham 57 Oblak 72.1 At. Madrid
8 Firmino 144.2 Liverpool 58 Lenglet 71.0 Barcelona
9 Griezmann 143.8 At. Madrid 59 Jorginho 70.8 Nápoles
10 Sané 137.1 M. City 60 Morata 70.5 Chelsea
11 Bernardo Silva 136.9 M. City 61 Depay 70.3 O. Lyon
12 Gabriel Jesús 130.6 M. City 62 Guendouzi 70.2 Arsenal
13 Alexander-Arnold 130.2 Liverpool 63 Umtiti 70.1 Barcelona
14 Coutinho 129.4 Barcelona 64 Skriniar 69.7 Inter de Milán
15 Lukaku 125.2 M. United 65 Werner 69.7 Leipzig
16 Pogba 125.1 M. United 66 Cancelo 69.0 Juventus
17 Neymar 124.7 PSG 67 Ndombélé 69.0 O. Lyon
18 Rashford 123.5 M. United 68 Süle 68.9 Bayern Munich
19 Hazard 120.7 Real Madrid 69 Keita 68.9 Liverpool
20 Cristiano 118.1 Juventus 70 Zielinski 68.9 Nápoles
21 Dembélé 117.1 Barcelona 71 Rice 68.7 West Ham
22 Van Dijk 112.1 Liverpool 72 Courtois 68.5 Real Madrid
23 Dybala 108.2 Juventus 73 Rüdiger 68.5 Chelsea
24 Alisson 107.5 Liverpool 74 Zaniolo 68.3 Nápoles
25 Laporte 105.4 M. City 75 Pickford 68.1 Everton
26 Ederson 103.0 M. City 76 Varane 68.0 Real Madrid
27 Dele Alli 102.5 Tottenham 77 De Bruyne 67.9 M. City
28 Richarlison 98.6 Everton 78 Joe Gomez 67.8 Liverpool
29 Son 97.2 Tottenham 79 Guedes 67.2 Valencia
30 Ter Stegen 95.2 Barcelona 80 Koke 67.0 At. Madrid
31 Saúl 93.8 At. Madrid 81 Davinson 66.4 Tottenham
32 Robertson 88.3 Liverpool 82 Jovic 66.4 Real Madrid
33 Rodri 88.2 At. Madrid 83 Tielemans 66.4 Leicester City
34 Kepa 87.2 Chelsea 84 Shaw 66.3 M. United
35 Asensio 86.3 Real Madrid 85 Arthur 65.2 Barcelona
36 Fabinho 86.2 Liverpool 86 Gnabry 64.9 Bayern Munich
37 Vinicius 85.3 Real Madrid 87 Lucas Moura 64.5 Tottenham
38 Luis Suárez 85.0 Barcelona 88 Diogo Jota 64.0 Wolverhampton
39 Stones 84.2 M. City 89 Fabián Ruiz 63.8 Nápoles
40 Kanté 83.7 Chelsea 90 Aouar 63.5 O. Lyon
41 Kimmich 81.4 Bayern Munich 91 Pépé 63.3 Lille
42 Martial 80.8 M. United 92 Chiesa 63.0 Fiorentina
43 Agüero 80.4 M. City 93 Marquinhos 62.5 PSG
44 Piatek 79.2 Milán 94 Xhaka 62.4 Arsenal
45 Lemar 78.5 At. Madrid 95 Rubén Neves 62.4 Wolverhampton
46 Betancur 77.8 Juventus 96 Milik 61.5 Nápoles
47 Aubameyang 77.6 Arsenal 97 Kehrer 61.4 PSG
48 Havertz 77.2 B. Leverkusen 98 Eriksen 61.3 Tottenham
49 Torreira 76.0 Arsenal 99 Icardi 61.3 Inter de Milán
50 Oyarzabal 75.9 Real Sociedad 100 Donnarumma 61.0 Milán