When do transfer markets close in Europe's big leagues?
Premier League, LaLiga, Serie A, Bundesliga, Ligue 1: the importance of doing your business early applies to some more than others.
This summer's transfer market looks as though it could be one like no other we've seen before. Records in money spent on new signings, clubs bringing in unheard of profits from selling their stars, and potentially, a new or equalled record for the most expensive transfer ever. What adds an extra element of interest to the 2019 summer window is that, once again, some of the big money leagues will close earlier than others.
Premier League shuts first
The English top flight has been where the most money has usually been spent in recent years. Teams like Manchester City, Liverpool, Chelsea and Manchester United, have all paid top dollar for the world's stars, although whether they lived up to their price tag or not is another matter. The rest of the league too has benefited from the success of the global brand, and all have been able to compete in the market at their respective level.
For the second year running, the Premier League will close earlier than its European peers, on the night of 9 August 2019.
Serie A is the next league to close the transfer opportunities for its clubs. The 18 August will be the final day for Juventus, Inter, Napoli, Milan and the rest. Greek club's can continue to sign up until the very end of August while Turkey has an extra day of 1 September to finalise their business.
LaLiga, Bundesliga, Ligue 1 extra
Two clubs that are expected to finish this summer as potentially the biggest spenders, Real Madrid and Barcelona, have until 2 September to add to their squads. LaLiga's extension over the Premier League and Serie A in particular could bring some interesting conversations. Germany, France and the Netherlands also close on this day, while Portugal have an extension all the way through till 22 September.
Here's to the transfer window shenanigans of 2019...