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Qatar 2022 World Cup: how do penalty kick shoot-outs work?

We’ve reached the ‘do-or-die’ stage of the tournament where winners advance and losers go home....but what happens in the case of a tie?

Argentina's forward #10 Lionel Messi (C) takes his penalty to score his team's first goal pass Croatia's goalkeeper #01 Dominik Livakovic (R) during the Qatar 2022 World Cup football semi-final match between Argentina and Croatia at Lusail Stadium in Lusail, north of Doha on December 13, 2022. (Photo by Jewel SAMAD / AFP) (Photo by JEWEL SAMAD/AFP via Getty Images)

With the Serbia-Switzerland and Cameroon-Brazil games, the curtain came down on Friday night on the group stage at the 2022 FIFA World Cup as 16 sides remain in contention as the focus turns to the Round of 16.

Fans of Cameroon celebrate the 1-0
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Fans of Cameroon celebrate the 1-0 Ali HaiderEFE

Remaining teams and Round of 16 fixtures

3 December: Khalifa International Stadium: Netherlands-USA 10:00 am ET / 07:00 am PT

3 December: Ahmad Bin Ali Stadium: Argentina-Australia 2:00 pm ET / 11:00 am PT

4 December: Al Thumama Stadium: France-Poland 10:00 am ET / 07:00 am PT

4 December: Al Bayt Stadium: England-Senegal 2:00 pm ET / 11:00 am PT

5 December: Al Janoub Stadium: Japan-Croatia 10:00 am ET / 07:00 am PT

5 December: Stadium 974: Brazil-South Korea 2:00 pm ET / 11:00 am PT

6 December: Education City Stadium: Morocco-Spain 10:00 am ET / 07:00 am PT

6 December: Lusail Stadium: Portugal-Switzerland 2:00 pm ET / 11:00 am PT

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How the knockout rounds work

In the knockout stage the teams will play each other once, with the winning team going to the next round. There are total of four rounds: Round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals and final, which will take place on 18 December in Lusail.

If the scores are equal at the end of normal playing time, extra time is played for two periods of 15 minutes each. If the score is still tied, this is followed by a penalty shoot-out to determine the winners. Should teams still be level after five kicks per team, then the shootout moves to a sudden death format where one team advances by scoring and the opponent failing to convert.