Coronavirus

$908 billion stimulus bill: when will the Senate vote?

A brand new bipartisan proposal last week renewed hopes of breaking a months-long stalemate, on coronavirus economic relief. When will Congress vote?

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$908 billion stimulus bill: when will the Senate vote?
KEVIN LAMARQUE / POOL EFE

The clock is ticking for Congress to get much needed stimulus money signed off before year’s end as they’re scheduled to go home for the holidays as soon as next week. Congress has an 11 December deadline to fund the government and avoid a shutdown. This has brought hope that the lame-duck session could see some coronavirus stimulus spending tied in with the bill. All parties say they're eager to take some action but the devil is in the details.

Just Tuesday a brand new bill put together by bipartisan moderates, proposes spending much less generous than the Democrats would like, but significantly more than Republicans have been prepared to offer thus far.

So who is in support of the new bill, and does it mean the end of the wait for Americans desperate for a cash injection going into 2021?

Stalemate between Democrats and Republicans

The negotiators Nancy Pelosi for Democrats and Steven Mnuchin and Mitch McConnell on the Republican side have been at loggerheads on specifics of a significant second bill since June. Major tensions remain between the parties on the overall spending and scope of the bill.

While Pelosi has dropped the $3.4tn overall spend proposed in the Democrats’ failed HEROES Act to $2.2tn, Mnuchin has raised the White House’s offer from the $1tn in the HEALS Act - a bill proposed by GOP senators in July - to $1.9tn.

$900 billion bipartisan bill: can it break the deadlock?

A new plan intended to break the stalemate was presented by a bipartisan group of moderate House and Senate members on Tuesday at a press conference. The bill amounts to a middle-ground option between McConnell’s current proposal and the Democrat House bill passed in October. The plan calls for $908 billion on a range of covid-19 relief measures.

During the presentation Mitt Romney, Republican of Utah said “I happen to be a deficit hawk. I don’t like borrowing money. I don’t like spending money we don’t have. But the time to borrow money is when there is a crisis. And this is a crisis.”

Part of the bill provides for four months of additional unemployment benefits but in a compromise the top-up would be just $300 as opposed to the $600 Democrat were seeking. The bill also calls for state and local funding to the tune of $160 billion, which will pay for front line workers. However, like the McConnell proposal there is no provision in the bipartisan proposal for another $1200 stimulus check.

Senate Republican leaders quickly undercut the plan, offering up their own bare-bones proposal that stood little chance of passing through both chambers.

When will the Senate vote on the new bipartisan bill?

Both Democrats and Republicans have expressed a desire to vote before federal funding lapses on 11 December. The bill has to pass in both the House and the Senate, before being handed over to president Trump for signature. If the Senate fails to pass a vote on 10 December, the next possible date for a bill to be voted on would be in February, according to Cnet.

The lack of a $1,200 per person direct payment has emerged as a sticking point for some, who have said they will not support the bill without it.

$900 billion stimulus: who's backing the proposal?

The bill was put together and presented by several centrist Senators who fully endorse the new proposal. Those include Bill Cassidy (Republican-Louisiana), Susan Collins (Republican-Maine), Angus King (Independent-Maine), Joe Manchin III (Democrat-West Virginia), Mitt Romney (Republican-Utah) and Mark R. Warner (Democrat-Virginia), as well as members of the bipartisan House Problem Solvers Caucus.

Notably neither Senate Minority Leader Chuck Schumer, nor Speaker of the House Democrat Nancy Pelosi - who has been representing and leading talks on new stimulus from the start - have  offered their unequivocal endorsement of the proposal, according to CNBC. Though both Schumer and Pelosi did urge Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell to use the new bill as a starting point for fresh negotiations.

“While we made a new offer to Leader McConnell and Leader McCarthy on Monday, in the spirit of compromise we believe the bipartisan framework introduced by Senators yesterday should be used as the basis for immediate bipartisan, bicameral negotiations,” Schumer and Pelosi said.

Both the New York and California Democrats have previously endorsed a bill totalling at least $2.2 trillion.

Mitch McConnell’s counter-proposal

Republican Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell has long been the death knell for Democrat bills for stimulus spending to counter the effects of the pandemic-induced recession. Prior to the election, House Democrats were negotiating with the White House to enact a $2 trillion-plus package but the negotiations floundered. Not that the package stood much of a chance in the Republican-led Senate where even a more modest $1 trillion bill failed the necessary votes.

Now McConnell has presented a new plan to his GOP colleagues, one that he drafted in conjunction with the White House. The proposal does not include a new round of stimulus checks. However, it does include one additional month of unemployment benefits to under the Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) and Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC). It will also provide $300 billion for small businesses and $31 billion for the distribution of a vaccine. McConnell’s framework would primarily repurpose unused money already approved as part of the $2.2 trillion stimulus bill enacted in March.

McConnell's counter-proposal would not include any aid for state and local governments, making it a nonstarter for Democrats, who have long pressed to send hundreds of billions of dollars across the country to help cities and states weather fiscal crises.

“We don’t have time for messaging games, we don’t have time for lengthy negotiations. The issue is, we want to get a result,” McConnell said at his weekly news conference on Tuesday, “I like to remind everybody that the way you get results is, you have to have a president’s signature.”

“Additional covid relief is long overdue and must be passed in this lame-duck session,” Nancy Pelosi said in a statement after the call.