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Gas stimulus check: what are the proposals and how much money would they put in your pocket?

The price of a gallon of gasoline has soared in recent weeks and lawmakers are scrambling for ways to offer financial relief for struggling consumers.

The price of a gallon of gasoline has soared in recent weeks and lawmakers are scrambling for ways to offer financial relief for struggling consumers.

In recent weeks the price of gasoline has soared across the United States as the steep inflation rates combined with the fallout from the Russian invasion of Ukraine to put the squeeze on motorists.

On 14 March the average price of a gallon of gas in the US reached $4.32, breaking the previous record. By 23 March that figure had dropped slightly to $4.24 but that remains around $1.37 higher than the average price one year ago.

Estimates from Yardeni Research suggest that the increase could cost the typical household around $2,000 per year, a disaster for low-income individuals and families still reeling from the economic consequences of the pandemic.

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To help mitigate the huge price rise, two groups of lawmakers has proposed versions of a ‘gas stimulus check’ – financial support designed to ensure that Americans can afford to pay for gasoline.

The Gas Rebate Act

The first of the two proposals to have gained traction in Congress is the Gas Rebate Act, put forward by Reps. Mike Thompson of California, John Larson of Connecticut and Lauren Underwood of Illinois. Their suggestion would see recipients receive an energy rebate of $100 per person each month, for as long as the national average remains above $4 per gallon.

A press release posted on Rep. Thompson’s website even compares the programme to the Economic Impact Payments, more commonly known as stimulus checks, and states that the eligibility requirements would be the same. The full $100 would be available for individuals earning less than $75,000, and joint filers with an annual income of less than $150,000.

Thompson said of the proposal: “Americans are feeling the impact at the pump of Vladimir Putin’s illegal invasion of Ukraine, and right now we must work together on commonsense policy solutions to ease the financial burden that my constituents are feeling.”

The Big Oil Windfall Profits Tax

Many progressives have drawn attention to the fact that the continued high cost of gasoline is no longer reflective of the price of oil, which has lowered substantially in recent days. The likes of Sen. Bernie Sanders has claimed that the continuation of high gas prices is a result of corporate greed on the part of the oil companies.

To address this, the Big Oil Windfall Profits Tax aims to levy an additional tax on oil companies, the profits of which would then be distributed amongst consumers. The legislative proposal was put forward by two Democrats, Rep. Ro Khanna of California and Sen. Sheldon Whitehouse from Rhode Island.

The amount on offer to recipients would vary based on the cost of gasoline, as the proposed tax is only levied against the profits made by the fuel companies. However the estimate that is the price of oil remains at $120 the tax could raise $45 billion over the course of the next 12 months, equating to a $240 annual payment for each individual.

The purpose of the bill is more to encourage gas companies to bring down the price of gasoline rather than to hand out federal money to compensate for their excessive profits.

Rep Khanna said in a statement: “This is a bill to reduce gas prices and hold Big Oil accountable. As Russia’s invasion of Ukraine sends gas prices soaring, fossil fuel companies are raking in record profits.”