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Find out which 41 states will not tax Social Security benefits in 2024

More and more states have passed legislation to reduce the tax burden on those who receive Social Security. These are the places that don’t tax benefits.

Update:
The 41 states that will not tax Social Security benefits in 2024
Kevin DietschAFP

Americans contribute into the Social Security funds through payroll taxes over the course of their careers. Upon retirement they will no longer have to pay in, instead, having meet the requirements, they will begin to receive money from the Social Security Administration.

One would think that they already have paid taxes on their past income and wouldn’t be on the hook for more taken out of their Social Security benefits. That view though is mistaken for around half of beneficiaries who are now required to pay taxes to the federal government on social security benefits.

States on the other hand have their own tax laws which vary widely across the nation. There are nine states that have no income tax, so they along with 32 other states and the District of Columbia do not tax any Social Security benefits.

That leaves nine states that still apply at least some income taxes to Social Security benefits, but how they are taxed varies.

How much does the IRS tax Social Security benefits?

According to the SSA, 50 percent of a taxpayer’s benefits may be taxable if the following criteria are met:

  • You file as a single taxpayer, head of household, or qualified widow/widow with income of $25,000 to $34,000.
  • You are separated from your spouse for the entire tax year and have income of $25,000 to $34,000.
  • You are married filing jointly with income of $32,000 to $44,000.

The tax rate on benefits increases to 85 percent if:

  • You file as a single taxpayer, head of household, or qualified widow/widow with income over $34,000.
  • You are married filing jointly with income over $44,000.
  • You are separated from your spouse for the entire tax year and have income greater than $34,000.
  • You are married filing separately and lived with your spouse at any time during the tax year.

41 states that will not tax Social Security benefits in 2024

Social Security recipients are required to pay state taxes in addition to federal taxes unless they live in one of the 41 states or the District of Columbia that will no longer tax Social Security benefits. Missouri is the most recent state to drop income tax on Social Security benefits with a bill signed into law in July 2023. Nebraska had been phasing out taxes on Social Security benefits in 2022 and they will be exempt in 2024.

  • Alabama
  • Alaska (no income tax)
  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • California
  • Colorado* (only those 65 and older)
  • Delaware
  • Florida (no income tax)
  • Georgia
  • Hawaii
  • Idaho
  • Illinois
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Maine
  • Maryland
  • Massachusetts
  • Michigan
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri (2024 first year benefits not taxed)
  • Nebraska (2024 first year benefits not taxed)
  • Nevada (no income tax)
  • New Hampshire (no income tax)
  • New Jersey
  • New York
  • North Carolina
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Oklahoma
  • Oregon
  • Pennsylvania
  • South Carolina
  • South Dakota (no income tax)
  • Tennessee (no income tax)
  • Texas (no income tax)
  • Virginia
  • West Virginia
  • Washington (no income tax)
  • Washington DC.
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming (no income tax)

States that tax Social Security benefits

In the nine states that do tax any of beneficiaries Social Security payments in 2024, the rate applied varies:

  • Colorado (only those under 65): flat 4.4%
  • Connecticut: 3 to 6.99%
  • Kansas: 3.1 to 5.7%
  • Minnesota: 5.35 to 9.85%
  • Missouri: 0 to 5.4% (2023 last year benefits taxed for incomes over $85K, individuals & $100K joint filers)
  • Montana: 1 at 6.75%
  • Nebraska: 2.46 to 6.84% (2023 last year benefits will be taxed)
  • New Mexico: 1.7 to 5.9%
  • Rhode Island: 3.75 to 5.99%
  • Utah: 4.95%
  • Vermont: 3.35 to 8.75%

The rate applied to benefits depends on how much the total income is earned or received by a Social Security recipient. The higher the income, the higher the rate.

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