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CIES analysis

No Messi or Cristiano in most valuable world XI - CIES

The algorithms behind analysis of player values can often raise debates and the latest top 100 from CIES certainly does.

Cristiano Ronaldo (Juventus) y Leo Messi (Barcelona), en los premios The Best.
Eddie KeoghReuters

The CIES Football Observatory has published a list of the hundred players with the highest market value across the five major leagues (see the table below). Among the variables considered in the new and improved algorith, are factors such as age, contract restrictions, playing position, minutes played, goals scored, national team activity and team results.

Most valuable XI

The top three players in the list are PSG's Kylian Mbappé, Liverpool's Mohamed Salah, and Manchester City's Raheem Sterling, all of whom feature in our most valuable starting XI based on a 4-3-3 formation. That does, however, mean that the likes of Barcelona star Lionel Messi and Juventus' Cristiano Ronaldo sit out. The total estimated market value of this side is a mere 1,614,300,000 euros.


Champions League winner Alisson Becker would take his place between the sticks. The Liverpool man has been a key figure for Jürgen Klopp, and was identified as a necessary investment last summer. His value is seen to be €107.5m (24th overall), with Barcelona's German goalkeeper Marc-André ter Stegen next at €95.2m (30th).

Good with his feet and hands | Brazil and Liverpool's Allison.
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Good with his feet and hands | Brazil and Liverpool's Allison.HENRY ROMEROREUTERS


In defence, Liverpool dominate. At right-back is Trent Alexander-Arnold, who would cost €130.2m (13th), and his Scottish teammate Andrew Robertson (€88.3m) fills in on the other flank. In the centre they are joined by The Reds' Dutch rock Virgil Van Dijk currently valued at €112.1m (22th) and Manchester City's Aymeric Laporte (€105.4m, 25th).


The three in midfield are formed by City and Portugal star Bernardo Silva (€136.9m, 11th), Barcelona's Brazilian, Phillipe Coutinho (€129.4m, 14th), and Paul Pogba. The Manchester United and France midfielder is valued at €125.1m and is in 16th place overall.

More silverware | Portugal's Bernardo Silva celebrates winning the UEFA Nations League.
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More silverware | Portugal's Bernardo Silva celebrates winning the UEFA Nations League.CARL RECINEAction Images via Reuters


The attacking trident is where you would really be spending the huge bucks. As previously mentioned Kylian Mbappé tops the list at €252m, with Mohamed Salah (€219.6m) and Raheem Sterling (€207.8m) coming second and third respectively.

For all the debate that could be caused about the best starting XI, it would certainly be fun watching this one play together.

100 most valuable players in the transfer market (million euros)

2Salah219.6Liverpool52Lewandowski75.5Bayern Munich
3Sterling207.8M. City53Insigne75.1Nápoles
5Sancho159.4B. Dortmund55Correa74.8At. Madrid
7Kane155.2Tottenham57Oblak72.1At. Madrid
9Griezmann143.8At. Madrid59Jorginho70.8Nápoles
10Sané137.1M. City60Morata70.5Chelsea
11Bernardo Silva136.9M. City61Depay70.3O. Lyon
12Gabriel Jesús130.6M. City62Guendouzi70.2Arsenal
14Coutinho129.4Barcelona64Skriniar69.7Inter de Milán
15Lukaku125.2M. United65Werner69.7Leipzig
16Pogba125.1M. United66Cancelo69.0Juventus
17Neymar124.7PSG67Ndombélé69.0O. Lyon
18Rashford123.5M. United68Süle68.9Bayern Munich
19Hazard120.7Real Madrid69Keita68.9Liverpool
21Dembélé117.1Barcelona71Rice68.7West Ham
22Van Dijk112.1Liverpool72Courtois68.5Real Madrid
25Laporte105.4M. City75Pickford68.1Everton
26Ederson103.0M. City76Varane68.0Real Madrid
27Dele Alli102.5Tottenham77De Bruyne67.9M. City
28Richarlison98.6Everton78Joe Gomez67.8Liverpool
30Ter Stegen95.2Barcelona80Koke67.0At. Madrid
31Saúl93.8At. Madrid81Davinson66.4Tottenham
32Robertson88.3Liverpool82Jovic66.4Real Madrid
33Rodri88.2At. Madrid83Tielemans66.4Leicester City
34Kepa87.2Chelsea84Shaw66.3M. United
35Asensio86.3Real Madrid85Arthur65.2Barcelona
36Fabinho86.2Liverpool86Gnabry64.9Bayern Munich
37Vinicius85.3Real Madrid87Lucas Moura64.5Tottenham
38Luis Suárez85.0Barcelona88Diogo Jota64.0Wolverhampton
39Stones84.2M. City89Fabián Ruiz63.8Nápoles
40Kanté83.7Chelsea90Aouar63.5O. Lyon
41Kimmich81.4Bayern Munich91Pépé63.3Lille
42Martial80.8M. United92Chiesa63.0Fiorentina
43Agüero80.4M. City93Marquinhos62.5PSG
45Lemar78.5At. Madrid95Rubén Neves62.4Wolverhampton
48Havertz77.2B. Leverkusen98Eriksen61.3Tottenham
49Torreira76.0Arsenal99Icardi61.3Inter de Milán
50Oyarzabal75.9Real Sociedad100Donnarumma61.0Milán

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